Advance Blog

March 18, 2021

Foreign e-service providers liable to VAT in Thailand starting 1 September 2021

Starting from September this year, foreign e-commerce businesses will be liable for 7% VAT on services provided to customers in Thailand. In addition to boosting VAT collections, the law aims to create a level playing field for domestic and foreign operators providing services online to Thai customers.

E-service businesses expected to be affected include:

  • Online hotel reservations
  • Subscription to online movies, music, and e-books
  • Online gaming services
  • Online advertising
  • Sticker downloads
  • Websites, applications, and online market places
  • Online streaming

Popular foreign online platforms expected to be affected include Apple, Google, Facebook, Netflix, Line, YouTube, Tiktok, etc.

The Thai Government expects to generate annual revenue of Baht 5 billion from this measure.


The amendments to the Revenue Code to impose VAT on foreign e-services are contained in The Revenue Code Amendment Act (No.53) B.E. 2564.

The key principles remain the same as the draft law issued last year (see our article dated 23 September 2020).

When the e-services tax becomes effective on 1 September 2021, the onus for paying VAT on e-services from abroad, which previously rested under the law with consumers, will shift to the foreign e-service providers.

The Revenue Department has aimed to develop taxation practices in line with international standards set by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (“OECD”), with more than 60 countries including Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea already adopting similar practices in accordance with the OECD’s recommendations.

Key amendments

The definition of the term “Goods” under section 77/1(9) of Revenue Code has been amended to exclude intangible assets delivered through the internet or any other electronic network i.e. electronic services.

Electronic Services and Electronic platforms are defined as follows:

“Electronic Services” means services including intangible assets delivered via the internet or any other electronic network and the nature of which renders their service essentially automated and impossible to ensure in the absence of information technology.

“Electronic platforms” means a market, channel, or any other process used by multiple service providers to provide electronic services to customers.

Foreign e-services providers will be required to register to pay VAT if they derive revenues over THB 1.8 million in a year from e-services provides to customers in Thailand that are no VAT registrants e.g. individual consumers.

Persons liable to remit VAT are divides into two categories:

  • Foreign e-service providers providing services from abroad to non-VAT registered customers that use such services in Thailand.
  • Electronic platform owners, who are liable to VAT instead of the foreign suppliers operating on their platform, providing services electronically to non-VAT registered customers that use such services in Thailand.

E-service providers who fall under the above criteria are required to register for VAT and remit VAT every month, similar to domestic businesses. However, such e-service providers are prohibited to issue tax invoices.

This will be a “pay-only” system meaning that service providers will be liable to VAT on revenues but cannot offset VAT paid on expenditures.

To facilitate taxpayers, the VAT processes such as registration, return filing, and payment can be performed electronically through the Revenue Department’s Simplified VAT System for e-Service (“SVE”) online platform.

Revenue Department enforcement procedures

The Thai Revenue Department will enforce the new law through various measures, including:

  • Requesting information concerning financial transactions of e-service operators from taxpayers and/or financial institutions.
  • Social sanctions by providing the lists of VAT registered e-business operators on its website for the public to investigate and report non-compliance to the Revenue Department.
  • Exchange of information for tax purposes with other countries using Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters (MAC) and the Automatic Exchange of Information portal (AEOI).

Supplementary regulations and information guides are expected to be issued by The Revenue Department in the coming months to provide further details on the implementation of VAT on foreign e-services.

Read an English translation of the Amendment Act


Paul, international tax specialist , HLB Thailand
“Paul is an international tax specialist at HLB Thailand, with more than 20 years of experience providing advice on Thai and international tax to foreign businesses. HLB Thailand is a member of Network of the Year 2020, HLB International – a global network of independent professional accounting firms and business advisers.”
Duangnetr Sarachai, Principal , HLB Advisory (Thailand) Limited
Duangnetr has over 25 years of experience providing tax and legal to international clients, including serving a wide range of clients from different industries and advising a wide range of businesses involved in construction, real estate, and logistics. Her specialties include VAT, personal income tax, corporate and international taxation, commercial law, corporate law, and labor law. She has been an internal legal and tax trainer and public speaker on taxation and legal matters at seminars and conferences. Duangnetr holds a Bachelor of Law degree from Chulalongkorn University and a Diploma in Business Law from Thammasat University, Thailand. She is also a member of the Thai Bar Association.

Thailand’s Personal Data Protection Act B.E. 2562 (2019) (“PDPA”)

As the Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) also applies to personal data collected prior to the PDPA’s entry into force, please be informed that AustCham Thailand will automatically keep your contact details including email address, name and last name, and company details, on our mailing list.

Your data was received by AustCham Thailand as a result from you either registering or attending an event, contacting our office or subscribing to regular updates via the website. However, if you would like to stop receiving emails AustCham Thailand and revoke your consent for AustCham to keep and use your data to contact you for chamber events and updates, please scroll down to the end of this email and click “Unsubscribe from this list”. Your personal data will be shortly deleted once the opt-out notice request is received.

Please note that your data is kept in AustCham’s CRM system, please see here for AustCham’s Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. AustCham uses a management software system from Wild Apricot, and emails are distributed through MailChimp.